General information

in 1954


1 550 K. people


moderately continental


27.1 thous. km²

Population density

57.2 people/km²

Federal district


Administrative centre


Manpower number

823.2 K people

Economic region

Central Black Earth region

Big producing and processing area
with advantageous geographical location and extended transport infrastructure

Belgorod region borders on several Ukraine regions in the south and west, Kursk region in the north and northwest, and Voronezh region in the east.

The total length of its borders is about 1,150 kilometers, of which 540 kilometers are on the border with Ukraine.

Important railways and highways of international importance cross the region’s territory, connecting Moscow with the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine including Federal highway M-2, and the Moscow-Kharkiv-Sevastopol railway line.

The length of public railway lines is 700 km; the length of hard surface roads (including industrial roads) is 19.1 thous. km or 87% of the total road length.

Distance from Belgorod to Moscow
577 km
1 h

by air

695 km
6 h 45 min

by rail

669 km
8 h 41 min

by road

There is Belgorod International Airport in the region. It handles passenger flights 24 hours a day. Belgorod Airport was built in 1954 and after 41 years in 1995 it was given a status of international air transportation center. After the reconstruction of the airport in 2012, the airport capacity increased up to 500 thous. passangers  a year. Now it is a federal airport.

Nowadays Belgorod International Airport has two runways. The length of a runway with bituminous concrete surface is 2500 m and the width is 45 m. The length of unpaved runway is 2450 m, the width is 49 m.

Generally, the airport serves regional flights and has a permission for international charter flights. Thus, since April 2012 a new programme of charter transportation to Greece, Turkey, Spain have become available in cooperation with Pegas Touristik travel company. The number of Moscow – Belgorod flights increased up to 5-6 times a day with UTair company.

In order to enhance safety, renovation of airdrome equipment was required due to a great number of passengers. A lot of special equipment for servicing runways and aircraft engines, as well as a comfortable airport bus MAZ were purchased. Also a fire-fighting service park was renovated. Since September all new facilities have been connected to the mains.

In October 2012 the Federal Air Transport Agency granted a permission to Belgorod International Airport for receiving the Boeing 767 aircrafts. Receiving the first wide-body aircraft Boeing was performed after four days of granting permission, and the airport became the second airport in the Central Federal District that could receive wide-body aircrafts.

In 2013 the airport was recognized as the best airport in the CIS.